Quality Assurance and Testing

Quality checking is a proactive activity to check on a website’s “Health”

Any Product to have a desired output it has to cross various stages of development in its cycle. Each stage may vary depending upon the up gradation of previous versions. To ensure all the built in stages are working properly it is utmost essential to do Quality checking and testing of the website, So as not to miss out any changes made at each stage. It is an experiment to break the system so as to find bugs which a user should not face at the time of using the Website.

In Website development Quality Assurance is based on the Design testing, Requirement testing, Functionality testing.

DESIGN TESTING ACROSS ALL DEVICES AND BROWSERS

As a Website will be viewed across different Browsers and Mobile devices it is essential to test consistency and quality of design in different layout. The basic functions of any website are plug-ins, links, and search. So make sure all these functions work well.

VALIDATION TESTING

Validation testing will help us to understand whether we are building the product as per the requirement

Validation testing includes:

  • Checking whether the display and style components are contained within CSS
  • Checking all types of links (internal, external, mail and broken)
  • Having a look at the internal hyperlinks; they should be relative.
  • Checking to see if links aren’t leading to the same pages
  • Checking each page of the website. Each must have a valid XHTML markup. If there are any errors, you should correct them.
  • Making sure website doesn’t include dead-end web pages.

Tools that can be used in Validation testing:

  • Webpage analyzer (a tool that tests general website performance)
  • CSS Validator (a tool that checks HTML documents and Cascading Style Sheets)
  • XML checker and Validator (a tool that can determine the format and validity of an XML document)
  • Robots checker (a tool that can check the syntax of the robots.txt file)

ACCESSIBILITY TESTING

  • All images should have the appropriate resolution.
  • Check whether the audio content works well.
  • Have a look at the color choices to have a pleasing design
  • Check whether you have provided all the alternatives to visual and auditory content (all images have meaningful ‘alt’ tags and comprehensive descriptions).
  • Check natural language use. Simply put, all abbreviations should always be expanded.
  • Check for captions. You need to make sure every caption is descriptive and available.
  • Access your website with the help of your keyboard (without the mouse).
  • Disable the style and you’ll see whether the content is lined up properly.
  • Zoom out of the images to see whether they are readable or not.

INPUT TESTING

  • Taking a look at all fields once again and checking whether they are behaving properly.
  • Checking the alphanumeric fields: they should handle empty data, invalid characters, and negatives correctly.
  • Making sure that inputs that are too long are handled properly.
  • Should also check whether there are any automated script logins when you enter the CAPTCHA.

Quality Assurance and testing is a compulsory process in any development cycle of a product. It is essential to track all the bugs at every stage so that it is known to the developer’s and solved immediately to ensure proper functioning of the website.

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